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What effects does smoking have on the body?

Smoking cigarettes can cause a variety of negative effects on your body. Certain of them can result in life-threatening issues.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source smoking tobacco increases the likelihood of dying from any cause and not only those related to smoking cigarettes.

Smoking cigarettes harms the respiratory system and circulatory system your reproductive system, and the skin as well as the eyes. increase the chance of various cancers.

This article will take a look at the possible side effects of smoking cigarettes.

  1. Lung damage

Smoking cigarettes hurt the health of your lungs because one breathes in not just nicotine, but also a range of other chemicals.

Cigarettes cause an enormous increase in the likelihood to develop lung cancer. This risk is 25-fold more for men and 25.7 times higher for women. Source.

The CDC report shows that 9/10 of the 10 trusted Source death from lung cancer are caused by smoking.

Smoking cigarettes can also increase a higher risk of suffering and dying from chronic obstructive respiratory disease (COPD). In reality, COPD is a leading cause of death according to the American Lung Association report that smoking cigarettes cause the majority of COPD deaths.

Cigarettes can be linked to the development of emphysema as well as chronic bronchitis. They may also trigger or intensify asthma attacks.

  1. Heart disease

Smoking cigarettes can cause damage to the blood vessels, the heart, and blood cells.

The tar and the chemicals found in cigarettes may increase the risk of developing atherosclerosis which is the accumulation of plaque within blood vessels. This blockage of blood flow and could result in potentially dangerous blockages.

Smoking can increase the chance of developing the peripheral arterial disease (PAD) which is when the arteries that supply the legs and arms begin to narrow, which restricts blood flow.

Research has shown a direct connection between smoking cigarettes and the development of PAD. Even those who did smoke are at a greater risk than those who did not smoke.

Being diagnosed with PAD increases the likelihood of suffering:

blood clots

chest pain, angina

A stroke

a heart attack

  1. Problems with fertility

Smoking cigarettes can cause damage to the female reproductive system and make it harder to become pregnant. It could be because tobacco and other chemicals contained in cigarettes alter hormone levels.

For males, the more cigarettes an individual smokes, in a given time, and for a longer more time, the greater risk of developing erectile dysfunction. Smoking also can impact the quality of fertile sperm, and consequently, reduce fertility.

  1. Risk of complications of pregnancy

Based on the CDCTrusted Source, smoking can influence pregnancy and the development of the fetus in a variety of ways that include:

increasing the chance of having ectopic pregnancies

The baby’s weight is reduced

increasing the chance of preterm deliveries

injuring the fetus’s lung, brain, and the central nervous system

raising the chance for sudden infant deaths syndrome

that can cause congenital anomalies, for example, cleft lip the cleft palate

  1. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes

The CDC has found that those who smoke frequently have a 30- 40 percent greater risk for developing Type 2 Diabetes than people who don’t.

Smoking cigarettes can make it harder for those who have Diabetes to deal with their illness.

  1. Insufficiency of the immune system

Smoking cigarettes can affect the immune system of a person which makes them more susceptible to getting sick.

It can also cause inflammation of the body.

  1. Vision issues

Cigarettes smoking can lead to eye issues which include a higher risk of cataracts as well as macular degeneration that is a result of age.

Other problems with vision-related to smoking cigarettes include:

dry eyes


diabetic Retinopathy

  1. Poor oral hygiene

Smokers have twice the risk of getting gum disease. This risk rises proportionally to the number of cigarettes one smokes.

The signs of gum disease are:

gums are tender and swollen

bleeding during brushing

loose teeth

sensitive teeth

Smoking tobacco may limit people’s ability to smell and taste correct. The smoke can also make teeth brown or yellow.

  1. Hair and skin that are unhealthy

Smoking tobacco can harm hair and skin. Smokers can experience prematurely aged and wrinkled skin. Smokers also have a greater chance of getting skin cancer “especially in the lip area.”

Smoking tobacco can cause the scalp and hair to smell like tobacco. It may also cause hair loss and hair loss.

  1. The risk of developing other cancers

Alongside the well-documented connection with the lung cancer process, cigarettes could be a contributing factor to other types of cancer.

The American Cancer Society report that smoking cigarettes cause 20-30 percent of pancreatic cancers.

Smokers are three times more likely to be diagnosed with bladder cancer than those who don’t.

Smoking cigarettes can increase the chance of developing stomach cancer. Tobacco has been linked with stomach cancers that develop near the esophagus.

Cigarettes increase the risk of:

mouth cancer

laryngeal cancer

throat cancer

esophageal cancer

kidney cancer

cervical cancer

Cancer of the liver

colon cancer

acute myeloid leukemia

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