Smoking causes damage to nearly every organ of the body. Smokers can greatly reduce their chances of developing a disease caused by smoking by quitting smoking.
Smoking cigarettes is the most preventable cause of early illness and death within the United States. It isn’t easy to quit smoking for many people, however, the number of people who quit smoking is on the rise constantly.
As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source The current rate of smoking cigarettes within the U.S. has declined from 20.9 percent in 2005, to 13.7 percent in the year 2018. Smokers who’ve ceased smoking are also increasing.
This article will take a look at the health effects of smoking cigarettes, and the effects it has on the heart, brain lung, immune system. We also look at the advantages of cutting down on smoking.
How does smoking impact the health of a person?
Every year, over 480,000 individuals suffer within the U.S. due to tobacco-related diseases, which is about one five deaths as per the American Cancer Society.
They also say that about 50% of those living in the U.S. who keep smoking will die as a result of smoking-related causes.
Life expectancy is at minimum 10 years lower than the Trusted Source for smokers as compared to non-smokers. It is reported by the American Cancer Society declares that smoking can reduce lifespan by 12 years for males and 11 years for females.
According to the CDCTrustedSource mentions that smoking is responsible for greater deaths within the U.S. each year than the following:
Motor vehicle accidents
drinking alcohol or using illicit drugs
incident involving firearms
Tobacco is a source of poisonous chemicals that harm the health of people. The two poisons include:
Carbon monoxide. Automobile exhaust fumes also generate this chemical that is deadly when taken in large amounts. It is a substitute for oxygen in the blood, and deprives your organs of oxygen, and prevents the organs from working properly.
Tar. It’s a sticky, brown substance that covers the lungs, affecting breathing.
Although the figures are alarming, it’s vital to keep in mind that quitting smoking cigarettes lowers the risk of developing a disease significantly.
Below, we’ll discuss the effect smoking has on different areas of the body.
Smoking increases the risk of suffering stroke by 2-4 times. stroke by 2 to 4 times the rate recommended by Trusted Source. Strokes can result in brain damage and even death.
One of the ways that strokes can cause brain damage is through an aneurysm that occurs when the blood vessel becomes weaker and causes an opening. The bulge may rupture and result in a subarachnoid hemorrhage which could result in a stroke.
The chemicals in tobacco smoke can increase the risk of heart issues and cardiovascular disease.
Smoking can cause atherosclerosis which occurs when plaque forms in blood vessels and adheres to the artery wall. This causes them to narrow which reduces blood flow and increasing the chance that blood clots will form.
Smoking damages blood vessels, which makes them more narrow and thicker. This can make it difficult for blood flow as well as increases the blood tension as well as heartbeat.
Smoking is linked to the following heart conditions:
coronary heart diseases are one of the most common causes of death. source within the U.S
is a heart attack since smoking increases the chance for the heart attack
blockages that hinder blood circulation to legs and the skin
stroke because of blood clots, or ruptured brain vessels.
Smokers who smoke 5 or fewer cigarettes per day could be the first to notice signs of heart disease.
Nicotine and carbon monoxide makes it harder for the heart to work and more quickly. Smoking can make it harder to exercise. Lack of exercise also raises the chance of developing health issues.
Based on The National Institutes of Health (NIH), smoking decreases bone density, which makes bones less strong and fragile. Smoking may also affect bone healing following the injury.
Researchers are unable to determine if this is the direct result of smoking or because of other risk factors common in smokers. They are prone to having lower body weight and more physical exercises.
This could affect females more than males. Females are more susceptible to osteoporosis and fractured bones.
Smoking off even at a later age can reduce the loss of bone that is caused by smoking.
The immune system guards the body against infections and diseases.
According to a 2017 study by Trusted Source Smoking can decrease immunity and can cause inflammation within the body. This could result in autoimmune disorders which include:
systemic Lupus erythematosus
Smoking cigarettes can also be linked to type 2 diabetes…
The lungs may be one of the organs smoking can affect.
It is often a long time before one notices signs of smoking-related lung disease. That means that some people will not get a diagnosis until their condition is advanced.
Smoking is a risk to the lungs in many ways. The most important reason for smoking lies in the fact that it causes damage to the air sacs and airways also known as alveoli within the lungs.
Some of the three commonly reported lung ailments caused by smoking that are prevalent in the U.S. are:
Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). COPD is a chronic disease. It can cause wheezing, shortness of breath, as well as chest tightness. It is also the third most frequent cause of death within the U.S.
chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is when the airways create excessive mucus. This causes persistent cough and inflammation of the airways. As time passes mucus and scar tissue can block the airways completely and lead to infections.
Emphysema is a COPD type that reduces the size of alveoli, and also breaks down those walls that separate them. This makes it hard to breathe even when at rest. And with time, an individual might require an oxygen mask.
Other lung ailments caused by smoking are asthma, asthma as well as tuberculosis.
Smoking and the risk of cancer
Smoking cigarettes increases the risk of various forms of cancer. Based on the National Cancer Institute smoking tobacco smoke is a source of around 7,700 chemicals, and of these at the very least, 69 could cause cancer.
Statistics taken from the American Cancer Society indicate that smoking is responsible for about 30 percent of all cancer-related death in the U.S., and 80 percent of lung cancer deaths.
Lung cancer has been identified as the main cause of death from cancer for both women and men. It is among the most difficult diseases to cure.
Smoking can be an increased risk factor for these cancers
larynx or voice box
Pharynx or throat
The esophagus is the tube that connects the stomach and mouth
Pipe smoking, cigarettes tobacco chewing tobacco, cigarettes, and other types of tobacco can contribute to cancer and other health issues. There is no way to be safe to smoke tobacco.
Find out more about the effects of smoking on our bodies here.